Application Areas » Other X-ray Applications
X-RAY SOLUTIONS -
OTHER INDUSTRIES APPLICATION
InnospeXion's X-ray solutions enable the usage for a large number of on-line inspection tasks – for example
involving aluminium, rubber, carbon fibers, glass fibers, reinforced polyester, plastic,
and other low-density materials.
We developed a unique real-time imaging technology implemented in all our X-ray solutions, based on using a part of the X-ray spectrum not used in other X-ray imaging systems.
Along with a very high image resolution of 0.1 mm, this innovation has unveiled a substantial improvement of the on-line detection capability. This, combined with a very high image read-out speed, enables the usage for a large number of on-line inspection tasks – for example involving food, aluminum, rubber, carbon fibers, glass fiber reinforced polyester, plastics, and other low-density materials.
InnospeXion manufactures tailored on-line, in-line, and off-line X-ray systems for various applications. Some are based on our very unique PLC controlled low-energy X-ray systems that provide very high resolution and image quality. This technology has proven
especially advantageous for the X-ray inspection online at high speed (up to 200 m/min)
of extruded products such as aluminum profiles, rubber, and plastic tubes,
polymeric composites, carbon fiber materials, etc.
• The high contrast achieved at low energy X-ray imaging is relevant for many low-weight, low density, materials, such as CORK, FUR, insulating materials, sandwich structures, etc. For example, low-density natural materials (e.g. CORK) have properties relative to their structural variation which determines where they are best used.
• Electrodes and electrolytes used in BATTERY CELLS have properties that are based on their structure, its variation, thickness and distribution of elements. Process control and sorting based on X-ray Inspection may be a cost-effective step in the automation process.
• Microfocus X-ray technology with ultra-fast imaging is useful for many products where small tolerances are critical for the performance, lifetime, or safety of products. This is e.g. the case for ADVANCED BATTERIES, CAN SEAM QUALITY, LIGHT ALLOY CASTINGS, ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS (COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONICS), LAMP INSPECTION, NACREOUS PEARL INSPECTION , etc.
• The ability to sort mixtures using X-ray technology has been available for many years. Such sorting has mainly been based on the shape difference, or a very distinct density or composition difference, between the components of a mixture. Intelligent re-use of e.g. GARBAGE, HOUSEHOLD WASTE, ELECTRONICS, INFEED CONTROL FOR INCINERATION OR ENZYME DECOMPOSITION, etc.
• Non-destructive testing is a traditional area for X-ray imaging. InnospeXion provides tailored solutions for fast, real-time, imaging, typically of large structures like COMPOSITES (windmill fan blades), PIPE CORROSION, etc.
• X-ray imaging detectors are a vital part of a modern X-ray system. In addition to using these detectors in the InnospeXion systems, we develop and manufactures solutions for the QUALITY CONTROL OF X-RAY DETECTOR FABRICATION. These systems are based on a tailored X-ray shielding cabinet, a high stability X-ray source and an ULTRA-FAST RADIATION SHUTTER with an opening or closing time of 1 ms.
EXAMPLES OF USAGE
Battery cells of high performance and precursors for battery and energy conversion devices are critical since defects may have severe implications for performance and user safety.
CAN SEAM INSPECTION
Aluminum and steel cans are still among the most preferred for packaging perishable food. After autoclaving, the product can usually stay for many years, and metal cans are known to be both reusable and safe. Value creation in detecting errors lies primarily in ensuring the control of production instantly and to ensure that error-packaged food does not reach the market.
InnospeXion has supplied a number of tailored X-ray systems for manual, semi-automatic and automatic inspection of both light alloy castings, and large sand cast iron castings.The systems are used for quality control, as well as for production and process control, in direct relation to the production line.
The objective of an inspection is often the detection of strength limiting structural variations, i.e. to detect and quantify structural variations that may affect the mechanical properties, under load. The technical solution is a high contrast, high resolution, X-ray imaging of GFRP and CFRP plates and structures, using low energy X-ray real-time imaging.
The quality of cork discs for wine sealing must be carefully controlled. Presently, this is done by vision technology yet low energy X-rays are much more promising in as much as the very critical defects, hard areas in the cork can be detected high a high degree of confidence. It is thus important to confirm that X-ray technology is applicable for cork disc quality inspection and to verify that the defects considered critical can be detected.
COUNTERFEIT ELECTRONICS INSPECTION
Counterfeit PCB components are of increasing concern to EU electronics’ manufacturers. Counterfeit components are defined as; substitutes or unauthorized copies of a product, a product used in which the materials used or the performance of the product has changed without notice, or a substandard component misrepresented by the supplier. The threat arises from the continual growth of operations where there is minimal cultural concern, and little legislative protection of intellectual property, which encourages the production of counterfeit components.
EXTRUDED PRODUCTS INSPECTION
The rubber hose production and the aluminum profile production are examples of extruded products with demanding applications, e.g. for automotive production. The automatic online detection of manufacturing irregularities that may have significant implication for the application of the product is important. For example, internal particles, salt grains and deposits, holes and other defects may cause leakage or blocking the fluid flow in the hose/profile upon installation. The detection and rejecting of product parts with these defects is, therefore, a need towards ensuring the end-user’s acceptance of the product.
FUR CLOTHING INSPECTION
The X-ray technology can add measurement of skin length and hair length directly to one automated process. Furthermore the X-ray systems are able to measure the density of wool in the skins and these automated processes means, that sorting in big, uniformed lots of mink-skins – will be much improved.
GARBAGE & WASTE SORTING INSPECTION
Household waste contains a relatively large amount of different materials, organic and inorganic. Recovery of various materials is needed to reduce the amount of waste and minimize unnecessary burning. The sorting is a, however, a challenge, and primary sorting by households has varying success. Sorting stations based on human sorting are vulnerable to workers health issues, and sorting based on machine vision is challenging, due to the fact that machine vision systems only are based on a surface scanning.
LIGHTBULBS & LAMP INSPECTION
Modern lamp production requires careful control of the filaments and internal components in order to ascertain a long lifetime for the lamp. Low-quality lamps may find use in household applications, however, long lifetime is a requirement for lamps used in difficult accessible installations, or for high-performance usage. X-ray inspection at high resolution, high contrast and high speed is an obvious solution to ensure a long lifetime of the product.
The quality of pearls depends among others on the integrity and thickness of the nacreous layer. X-ray imaging at high contrast and high resolution is a valuable tool to disclose the quality of each pearl. The challenges are: (1) to achieve the sought X-ray quality relative to resolution and contrast; (2) to have means of automatically measuring the nacreous layer; (3) to have a mechanism for automatic positioning and X-ray imaging of each individual pearl, with a short cycle time.
COATING & PIPES INSPECTION
External corrosion on isolated steel pipes makes a potential cause of leak that can have severe economic and environmental consequences. Isolated steel pipes are used in very big parts of the industrial sector, and preventive inspection of the pipes is an important and expensive maintenance activity. The inspection is today performed by removing the outer shield, removing insulation, and visual inspection. This method is extremely time-consuming, destructive and expensive.
ULTRAFAST X-RAY SHUTTERS
InnospeXion has developed, produced and installed a number of shutter systems for X-ray beam closure, since 2002. In 2014, a very fast shutter with opening or closing time less than 10 ms was developed. In 2017, this was followed by the ultrafast (1 ms) shutter. Shutters are available up to 300 kVp X-ray radiation. Neutron shutters can be developed relative to specifications (tailored versions).
The idea of developing a resource-saving and quality-optimizing cutting system for wood suppliers to the furniture industry stems from a concrete problem of the furniture producers. They have to achieve a cost-effective production while balancing between proud craftsman traditions, and the need for automation. However, automation is difficult, due to the raw material heterogeneity and that minimal quality deviance are essential parameters. Losses of valuable furniture wood as a result hereof have presently not been solved with automation, robot- or other modern production technology.
RUBBER HOSES: MANUFACTURING IRREGULARITIES DETECTION
The ability to detect internal particles, inclusions, and holes in rubber hoses adds substantial value when the final product is free from risks of leakage or other defects. Read how our X-ray inspection method benefits the rubber hose production.